If we look around ourselves we find buildings, people, vehicles, etc. Surely the buildings never stood on their own, the car never manifested into style and shape on its own and neither you nor me appeared from nowhere. From a vague study alone it is concluded that everything in nature comes from something. Nothing that we see around comes from nothing but something. The origin of universe shall be discussed next but the origin of living entities is described in Bhagavad Gita itself.
“The living entities in this conditioned world are My eternal fragmental parts. Due to conditioned life, they are struggling very hard with the six senses, which include the mind.” (BG 15.7)
This is not an exclusive knowledge but is confirmed in all scriptures as well. The above verse clearly states the soul as the actual identity and not its material covering, the body. In our daily life we relate our parents as life givers and it is therefore easily concluded that they originate from their parents and so on. Therefore there has to be The Supreme Parent and this has been already confirmed in the above verse. The Vedic texts describe the first living entity who appeared in this universe was Brahma, who also is the engineer of this universe. The following words were spoken by him:
īśvaraḥ paramaḥ kṛṣṇaḥ
anādir ādir govindaḥ
“Kṛṣṇa who is known as Govinda is the Supreme Godhead. He has an eternal blissful spiritual body. He is the origin of all. He has no other origin and He is the prime cause of all causes.” (BS 5.1)
In other words, Krishna is The Supreme Personality of Godhead as confirmed throughout the Vedic scriptures, who is known by different names (like Christ, Allah, Jehovah, Buddha, Rama, etc.) in different scriptures just as Sun is addressed by different names in different languages. The Vedic texts however reveal His identity in fullness. Sometimes the gyanis or philosophical speculators claim that The Supreme Truth is the effulgent ray of light called brahmajyoti. For them Krishna clarifies:
brahmaṇo hi pratiṣṭhāham
śāśvatasya ca dharmasya
“And I am the basis of the impersonal Brahman, which is immortal, imperishable and eternal and is the constitutional position of ultimate happiness.” (BG 14.27)
The word “aham” (or I) here clearly indicates to an individual personality and therefore brahmajyoti is an inferior to the Person aspect of The Absolute Truth, and not all in all.
God or Krishna is therefore a person like any one of us but Supreme and Infallible unlikely. Although both are eternal, The Supreme Lord is maintainer of all (nityo nityanam cetanas cetananam eko bahunam yo vidadhati Kaman (KU 2.2.13)) The mass in general successfully conclude this fact theoretically but while being under the influence of Lord’s illusory energy it ultimately fails, by concluding that Krishna or God is prone to defects, corruption, illusion, lust and envy. People consider that Krishna who descended 5000 years ago originated from Blacks and by performing austerities attained mystic powers and hence the identity of God, becoming worshipable by various men.
avajānanti māṁ mūḍhā
mānuṣīṁ tanum āśritam
paraṁ bhāvam ajānanto
“Fools deride Me when I descend in the human form. They do not know My transcendental nature as the Supreme Lord of all that be.” (BG 9.11)
In other words, they consider God as a super human who might be ten or fifty or hundred or at the most a million times super to ordinary human. Unfortunately, such foolish class of men, by imitating the position of God merely cheat themselves while being constantly enslaved by the material modes of nature, Krishna’s illusory energy, aimed to bewilder the atheistic class of men who are constantly lamenting to satisfy their insatiable senses.
nāhaṁ prakāśaḥ sarvasya
mūḍho ’yaṁ nābhijānāti
loko mām ajam avyayam
“I am never manifest to the foolish and unintelligent. For them I am covered by My internal potency, and therefore they do not know that I am unborn and infallible.” (BG 7.25)
The genuine seekers of God belonging to intelligent class of men hence must drop the “I am God” designation and must approach to understand Krishna from Himself as described in The Bhagavad Gita As It Is. In fact Arjuna has already placed a question for such sincere men in the Fourth Chapter of The Bhagavad Gita wherein he states of his consideration of Krishna as an ordinary person. On seeking further clarification Lord Krishna replies:
bahūni me vyatītāni
janmāni tava cārjuna
tāny ahaṁ veda sarvāṇi
na tvaṁ vettha paran-tapa
“The Personality of Godhead said: Many, many births both you and I have passed. I can remember all of them, but you cannot, O subduer of the enemy!” (BG 4.5)
Lord Krishna further clarifies of His transcendental position by speaking the following words:
ajo ’pi sann avyayātmā
bhūtānām īśvaro ’pi san
prakṛtiṁ svām adhiṣṭhāya
“Although I am unborn and My transcendental body never deteriorates, and although I am the Lord of all living entities, I still appear in every millennium in My original transcendental form.” (BG 4.6)
In other words when Lord descended 5000 years ago, He never took birth like an ordinary living entity who is forced to accept a particular material body as per past karmas. The word srjamy is hence used to describe Lord’s descend, which literally means – appearance. Therefore, Krishna appears by His own sweet will. This doesn’t mean that Lord didn’t exist before His appearance on Earth. Rather, Lord eternally resides in the spiritual world while simultaneously within our hearts and each atom but just to revive the fallen conditioned souls He appears on Earth or sends His representatives millennium after millennium (For Eg. Jesus Christ, Prophet, etc.). God doesn’t become God but is eternally God, this is the Vedic injunction.
After hearing and personally associating with Lord Krishna, Sri Arjuna later concluded with awe and reverence:
paraṁ brahma paraṁ dhāma pavitraṁ paramaṁ bhavān
puruṣaṁ śāśvataṁ divyam ādi-devam ajaṁ vibhum
āhus tvām ṛṣayaḥ sarve devarṣir nāradas tathā
asito devalo vyāsaḥ svayaṁ caiva bravīṣi me
“Arjuna said: You are the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the ultimate abode, the purest, the Absolute Truth. You are the eternal, transcendental, original person, the unborn, the greatest. All the great sages such as Nārada, Asita, Devala and Vyāsa conﬁrm this truth about You, and now You Yourself are declaring it to me.” (BG 10.12-13)
Because Lord is omniscient and all-pervading, therefore any sincere person following in the footsteps of Sri Arjuna, can attain the same realization as he attained while personally associating with Lord on the battlefield.
The ultimate conclusion of this article is hence that Lord Krishna is The Supreme Personality of Godhead, who eternally manifests and maintains all the living entities while being a transcendental and a Supremely loving person, the best friend of all, seated within their hearts as witness.